在世界口腔健康日对你的嘴感到骄傲

In a blog forWorld Oral Health Day,我们看一下注册的口头健康研究ISRCTN registry

口服腐烂等蛀牙和牙龈疾病会导致疼痛,不适,社会孤立和失去自信心,也可以与其他严重的健康问题联系起来。幸运的是,大多数口腔健康状况都可以预防,可以在早期阶段进行治疗。

World Oral Health Dayis celebrated on the 20th March every year and aims to empower people with the knowledge, tools and confidence to secure good oral health. There are many studies and clinical trials researching new treatments to improve oral health, and in this blog we will take a look at a selection of those registered at theISRCTN registry

Toothbrushes

Buildup of plaque bacteria rapidly leads to gingivitis (inflammation of the gums). This can be prevented with toothbrushing, but a poor technique, short duration and lack of motivation can all lead to poor plaque control.

随着制造商开发新设备或改进现有设备的功能,牙刷连续测试其有效性和安全性。Electric toothbrushes with oscillating/rotating technology have been shown to be highly effective at removing plaque removal and controlling gingivitis.

In this学习将新开发的电动牙刷与手动牙刷进行比较,并用一种​​称为数字斑块成像分析(DPIA)的方法测量斑块再生,其中使用荧光素染色后使用前牙的数码照片评估斑块。

©Sofiko14 / Stock.adobe.com

电动和手动牙刷也在研究中进行了比较孩子们年龄在3-6岁和7 - 9年,自己或父母的帮助刷牙。

例如,互动电动牙刷是另一个创新,例如另一个创新this studyis comparing a new interactive electric toothbrush with a whitening brush head to a regular manual toothbrush.

连接的牙刷及其相关的应用程序可以报告有人刷牙的频率,他们刷多长时间且刷新。他们还可以提供指导指导和挑战,以提高刷牙习惯。这个学习评估由连接的刷子收集的数据以及在刷牙和没有连接的刷牙应用程序的组中比较斑块和牙龈炎。

除了标准使用牙刷、interdental brushes are small brushes specially designed to clean between the teeth. Different brush designs were compared in this学习结果表明,两种设计都有效降低斑块,但彼此没有显着差异。

牙膏

牙膏也在持续发展中。例如,这学习is comparing a new toothpaste with sodium bicarbonate with a marketed regular toothpaste for the prevention of gingivitis.

© CentralITAlliance / Getty Images / iStock

牙齿敏感性,通常是牙釉质或暴露蛀牙的结果,是另一个关注的领域。这个学习将羟基磷灰石/亚硝酸钾和铝乳酸钾化妆品牙膏与基准市场的牙膏相比,看看它是否有助于预防与敏感牙齿相关的不适。

当细菌和糖攻击牙釉质中发现的酸性时,发生脱矿质,并且在氟化物,钙和磷酸盐浓缩物等含有牙釉质的矿物时发生倒立。

这个学习compared the remineralizing effect of three toothpastes containing mineral brushite, mineral hydroxyapatite and no minerals, also assessing their effect on enamel acid resistance and tooth sensitivity.

技术

现在可以通过牙医记录和使用嘴巴的准确3D图像来监测口腔健康。这些扫描捕获了大量信息,并且节省了较高的,易于录制,可用于将来参考。它们目前用于监测正畸治疗和牙齿的位置。这个学习比较3D扫描对传统评估的准确性结果确认图像足以评估口香糖健康的准确性。

©luckystep / stock.adobe.com

Intraoral cameras can also be used to provide patients with a scan of their mouth showing areas of inflammation and plaque, which can be combined with verbal advice to encourage good oral hygiene, as tested in this学习

3D扫描和数字生产技术也在此中进行了测试学习看他们是否可以用来制作更准确的牙科冠,以取代提取的牙齿。

The take-home message

世界口腔健康日的当前主题是一个简单但强大的信息:为你的嘴感到骄傲。为什么不预定下次预约或参加地图上的一个活动here

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